Industry 4.0: The factory of the future

The industry is in full digital transformation. The so-called fourth industrial revolution is giving rise to the smart factory. In this new stage, the internet of things allows direct communication between the different elements that make up a factory, obtaining results and conclusions about its behaviour. This allows the optimization of production processes or energy management and the collection of innumerable data and information. In the industry, the building becomes one more machine of the production process, which connects with the rest of the machines.

LKS Engineering & Architecture is a pioneer in the development of buildings 4.0 in the Industry. In recent years, we have designed the most innovative buildings in our area, which respond to the client's philosophy of change. In this line, in the year 2017 LKS built two model installations that incorporate the latest advances in the industry without detracting from a quality design. These are perhaps the two most interesting industrial constructions made in recent times in Gipuzkoa: the machining facility for AMPO and the IRIZAR electromobility centre.
The 4.0 product that they manufacture is generated by a process in a 4.0 installation. Thus, our constructive contribution communicates with the production lines and adds value to the final product.
Through the use of BIM (Building Information Modelling), the development of the different construction systems is unified. BIM is the central platform for the integration of design, modelling, planning and collaboration. It facilitates the coordination of the different specialties of the projects and the organization and monitoring of construction processes on site, and can continue its use during the period of use of the building.
One of the major trends in technology in recent years has been the "dematerialization" of industries due to the digitalization of the elements, the possibility of experiencing, almost live, something that can be built virtually. See, feel and live the experience of a building without it having been built yet. The technicians themselves can analyse the functionality and the possibility of materializing the projected building through a quick and accurate drawing, analysis and calculation of structures and even services. This includes equipment and production lines, a fundamental part of the functional project of a factory.
The creation of a virtual twin of the building optimises its management and preventive maintenance. In new buildings, the model is generated from its inception and as a design tool for decision-making. In existing buildings, through a 3D scanner and point cloud import to a BIM model, this virtual twin is also generated, which will be fed with the information and data necessary for its future management.
This change implies a change in the way of working and a change in the customer-consumer relationship, closer, personalized and continuous.
As it cannot be otherwise, this new paradigm is generating, not only another way to produce and organize manufacturing and logistics, but also new spaces and new functional relationships, which are giving rise to a new form of buildings that traditionally we have called factories.